The University of Adelaide has found that mothers who had babies conceived in the month of the cold were more prone to have diabetes during their pregnancy thus increasing the risk for both the baby and herself. The study being the first of its kind in the whole of Australia, investigated more than 60,000 birth cases in North Australia over a span of 5 long years. This study was conducted to find out the association between seasonal variation of conceiving and increase in the risk of getting attacked by gestational diabetes, which is equally risky for both the mother and the baby during pregnancy and while delivery.
Among other complications rising during pregnancy, one most popular and dangerous is the gestational diabetes mellitus in the mother. This ailment is very risky in pregnancy and gives rise to a number of other complication during pregnancy and while delivery. The complications of this kind of diabetes particularly rising in the pregnancy are high birth weight, pre-term deliveries, low blood sugar level (which in extreme conditions may lead to baby seizures) and developing of type 2 diabetes later in life.
The researchers to find the association between winter conceptions and development of diabetes studied pregnant women for a period of five years starting from 2007-2011. The cases of diabetes affected pregnancies increased from 4.9% in 2007 to 7.2% in 2011. This significant hike in the diabetes affected pregnancies was more in those who conceived in the winter months than those who had babies conceived in the summer days.
According to Dr. Verburg, the mechanisms that are actual reasons behind gestational diabetes during pregnancy are yet to be fully understood. Previous studies reveal that some meteorological reasons, physically active, Vitamin D and diet during winter months are risk factors for diabetes which are impacted mostly by the winter season.
The researchers are yet to come to conclusions with the association between the gestational diabetes and conceiving in the months of winter. They intend to conduct further and detailed study on other populations. Other factors affecting gestational diabetes mellitus and their association with the change in season and also with the conceiving in winters are yet to be deeply investigated. The researchers also informed about the broader impacts of increasing body mass index in women at their reproductive age.
Factors like increased body mass index, socio-economic status and low physical activity are very much associated with the rise in gestational diabetes in pregnant women. It is also found in studies that these mentioned factors are very much modifiable and they are made the targets for studies to help protect the development of gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnant women. The relation between other factors and the development of diabetes mellitus in pregnant women needs to be studied and reached to a more firm conclusion. With more intense investigations and under more varied conditions can produce more confirmed results as reported by the researchers in their studies.