The Chinese Government has recently passed new cyber security regulations in November 2016. The main aim of these regulations is to put a leash on the technology companies that are working in the country. This cyber security law is all equipped with surveillance, data localization as well as real name requirements.
This law forces the instant messaging services as well as other internet companies for providing users to register with their original name as well as personal information rather than providing with nick names, and also to censor the content that seems to be prohibited. With the real name policies, there is full restriction on being anonymous.
With data localization, the law tries to force the critical information infrastructure operators for storing data inside the borders of China. As per the Human Rights Watch, an advocacy organization that is against the legislation, this law does not include clarity on infrastructure operators and so majority of businesses can be lumped into the definition.
As per Sophie Richardson, the Human Rights Watch’s China Director, “The law will effectively put China’s internet companies, and hundreds of millions of Internet users, under greater state control.” As per Human Rights Watch, most of the rules and regulations are not new ones. Most of the laws were practiced beforehand without much notice. But while these rules are implemented on a broader manner at present, might mean a stricter enforcement of these laws.
Apart from the latest censorship measures taken, the law also forces some of the new requirements needed for cyber security. The companies have to report “network security incidents” to the government and even inform about those consumers of breaches and that the companies have to provide technical support to the agencies of government at times of investigation.
The law also does not encourage content that are seem to be encouraging the overthrowing of the socialist system, the content that has been made up or those that spread a false information so as to disturb the economic order, or to spread separatism or damage to the unity of the nation.