Does your body image bother you?

We are humans and we can never be satisfied with what we have. We constantly find faults within ourselves and our body. This is very common and happens to both men and women. But at times this dissatisfaction can take the form of anxiety and depression which can further develop into a psychiatric disorder called Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). It is usually prevalent amongst people aged between 15 to 30 years. Even though it is a common and severe mental disorder, yet it goes unnoticed due to little knowledge on the subject to the general physicians.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • A preconceived notion of minor flaws or none in one’s own body.
  • A strong belief that there is a major defect in your body which makes you look ugly or deformed.
  • A person with BDD is usually obsessive about their body and can brood over it for hours on end or even for a complete day.
  • A severe case of BDD may altogether avoid leaving their homes and any social contact. They can also become suicidal.
  • A constant attempt to hide the perceived flaw either with makeup, clothes, or styling. This usually leads to their involving in habits that are aimed at hiding the flaw such as constantly checking the mirror, grooming, or skin picking.
  • A constant comparison of their own body with those of the others.

 

Risk Factors that Lead to BDD

There are no definite causes of BDD. But there are some risk factors that can eventually lead to BDD:

  1. The adolescent years are very crucial for every individual. A person who is bullied or abused in these years will always remember it and bullying is very common in this particular age group. It can leave a permanent mark on the individual causing them to hate their body for their rest of the lives.
  2. An obsessive attachment towards one’s own body can also lead to BDD. So as low self-esteem can.
  3. There are some people who are a perfectionist. They want everything to be perfect. So as their body. People who are working in fields like modeling can also develop BDD.
  4.  Negative thoughts and comparison are two things that ruin humans the most. Negative thoughts cloud your judgment and comparison just puts you into depression. All of which can lead to BDD, since it is said to be linked to depression, social phobia, OCD and delusional disorder.

 

Treatment

At this point, it is necessary to understand that we are all born with some or the other defect. None of us are perfect. Which some of us choose to ignore this fact, others choose to brood over their deformity. It is a serious disorder which needs proper attention. If it is left unattended then the situation will worsen and the case may become suicidal.

Therefore, it is advised that if you are having any such thoughts and planning to undergo a surgery, then stop! Analyze and consult a psychiatric. The psychiatrist will know if it is BDD or not. In BDD cases, it will be treated with medicines (antidepressants) and psychotherapy (cognitive behavior therapy).